与许多其他编程语言不同，这些语言通常是在Internet上的教程中经常使用的，而很少有人能够在不学习精心编写的C ++书籍的情况下快速使用C ++。这样做太大而复杂。实际上，它是如此之大和复杂，以至于 那里有很多非常糟糕的C ++书籍 。而且，我们并不是在谈论不良的风格，而是谈论诸如明显的事实错误和促进严重的不良编程风格之类的事情。
请编辑接受的答案以提供优质书籍和大致的技能水平-在 讨论您在中添加的内容后，最好 href=" http://chat.stackoverflow.com/rooms/10/loungec"> C ++聊天室 。 (如果常规员工不同意建议，他们可能会毫不留情地撤消您的工作。)为您亲自阅读/从中受益的每本书添加简短的简介/说明。随时讨论质量，标题等。符合条件的书籍将添加到列表中。具有C和C ++用户协会(ACCU)的评论的书籍具有该评论的链接。
This question attempts to collect the few pearls among the dozens of bad C++ books that are published every year.
Unlike many other programming languages, which are often picked up on the go from tutorials found on the Internet, few are able to quickly pick up C++ without studying a well-written C++ book. It is way too big and complex for doing this. In fact, it is so big and complex, that there are very many very bad C++ books out there. And we are not talking about bad style, but things like sporting glaringly obvious factual errors and promoting abysmally bad programming styles.
Please edit the accepted answer to provide quality books and an approximate skill level — preferably after discussing your addition in the C++ chat room. (The regulars might mercilessly undo your work if they disagree with a recommendation.) Add a short blurb/description about each book that you have personally read/benefited from. Feel free to debate quality, headings, etc. Books that meet the criteria will be added to the list. Books that have reviews by the Association of C and C++ Users (ACCU) have links to the review.
C ++加速 (Andrew Koenig和Barbara Moo，第一版-2000年8月24日)这基本上涵盖了与 C ++ Primer 相同的领域，但涵盖了其空间的四分之一。这主要是因为它并非试图成为 programming 的介绍，而是试图为先前使用其他语言进行编程的人们介绍 C ++ 。它的学习曲线陡峭，但是，对于那些可以应付的人来说，它是对语言的非常紧凑的介绍。 (从历史上看，它是第一本使用现代方法教授语言的初学者书籍，开辟了新天地。)尽管如此，它所教授的C ++纯粹是C ++ 98。 [评论]
有效的现代C ++ ( Scott Meyers)，这基本上是 Effective C ++ 的新版本，目的是让C ++程序员从C ++ 03过渡到C ++ 11和C ++ 14。
更有效的C ++ ( Scott Meyers)经验法则比有效的C ++ 更多。虽然不如第一本书中的重要，但还是很高兴知道。
C ++模板：完整指南 (David Vandevoorde和Nicolai M. Josuttis)这是关于模板的一本书，因为它们在C ++ 11之前就已经存在。它涵盖了从最基础到最高级的模板元编程的所有内容，并解释了模板如何工作的每个细节(从概念上以及如何实现)，并讨论了许多常见的陷阱。附录中具有出色的"一定义规则"(ODR)和重载分辨率的摘要。 第二版，涵盖了C ++ 11，C ++ 14和C ++ 17已经发布。 [评论]
C ++ 17-完整指南 (Nicolai M. Josuttis )本书介绍了C ++ 17标准中引入的所有新功能，涵盖了从简单的所有内容，例如"内联变量"，" constexpr if"一直到"多态内存资源"以及"带有超对齐数据的新建和删除" '。
使用C ++ (Bartosz Milewski)。本书通过从头开始构建应用程序来解释C ++及其功能
C ++模板元编程 ( David Abrahams和Aleksey Gurtovoy)
高级C ++元编程 ( Davide Di Gennaro)TMP技术的C ++ 11之前的手册，更多地关注实践而不是理论。本书中有很多片段，其中一些由于类型特征而变得过时，但是仍然可以了解一些技巧。如果您可以忍受古怪的格式/编辑，那么它比Alexandrescu更容易阅读，并且可以说是更有收获的。对于更有经验的开发人员，您很有可能会从C ++的一个黑角(怪癖)中获得一些东西，而这通常只能通过丰富的经验来实现。
C ++ 11/14/17 /…参考：
新C ++概述(C ++ 11/14)(仅PDF) ) (Scott Meyers)(已针对C ++ 14更新)，这些是Scott提供的为期三天的培训课程的演示材料(幻灯片和一些讲义) Meyers，他是C ++上受人尊敬的作者。即使项目列表很短，质量也很高。
C ++核心准则(C ++ 11 / 14/17 /…) (由Bjarne Stroustrup和Herb Sutter编辑)是一个不断发展的在线文档，其中包含一组有关正确使用现代C ++的准则。该指南侧重于相对较高级别的问题，例如接口，资源管理，内存管理以及影响应用程序体系结构和库设计的并发性。该项目是 Bjarne Stroustrup等人在CppCon'15上宣布的，并欢迎社区的贡献。大多数准则都补充有基本原理和示例以及有关可能的工具支持的讨论。许多规则经过专门设计，可以由静态分析工具自动检查。
C ++超级常见问题解答 (Marshall Cline，Bjarne Stroustrup和其他人)是标准C ++基金会的一项工作，旨在统一先前由Marshall Cline和Bjarne Stroustrup分别维护的C ++常见问题解答，并且还加入了新的贡献。这些项目大多以中级水平解决问题，并且通常以幽默的语气写出来。并不是所有的项目都可能是最新版本的C ++标准的最新版本。
cppreference.com(C ++ 03/11/14/17 /…) (由Nate Kohl发起)是一个Wiki，概述了基本的核心语言功能，并且具有有关C ++标准库的大量文档。该文档非常精确，但是比官方标准文档更易于阅读，并且由于其Wiki性质，因此提供了更好的导航。该项目记录了C ++标准的所有版本，并且该站点允许过滤特定版本的显示。该项目为由Nate Kohl在CppCon'14上展示。
在C ++对象模型内部 (Stanley Lippman)如果您想知道在多继承方案中通常如何实现虚拟成员函数以及如何在内存中通常布置基础对象，以及这如何影响性能，在这里您可以找到有关以下内容的详尽讨论：这样的话题。
带注释的C ++参考手册 (Bjarne Stroustrup，Margaret A. Ellis)这本书已经过时，因为它探讨了1989 C ++ 2.0版本-尚未引入模板，异常，名称空间和新类型。话虽如此，这本书还是遍历了整个C ++标准，解释了该语言的基本原理，可能的实现和功能。这不是一本学习C ++编程原理和模式的书，而是一本了解C ++语言各个方面的书。
C ++思维 ( Bruce Eckel，第二版，2000年。两卷；是一套免费教程风格的入门级书籍集。下载：第一卷， 第2卷。不幸的是，它们受到许多琐碎的错误(例如，保持临时文件自动为
const)的损害，而没有正式的勘误表。可在( http：//www.computersciencelab上获得部分3 rd 一方勘误表) .com / Eckel.htm )，但显然没有得到维护。
科学与工程C ++：高级技术和示例简介 (John Barton和Lee Nackman)这是一本全面而详尽的书，试图在数值方法的背景下解释和利用C ++中可用的所有功能。当时它引入了几种新技术，例如"好奇重复模板模式"(CRTP，也称为Barton-Nackman技巧)。它开创了多种技术，例如尺寸分析和自动区分。它附带了许多可编译且有用的代码，从表达式解析器到Lapack包装器。该代码仍在此处提供： http： //www.informit.com/store/scientific-and-engineering-c-plus-plus-an-introduction-9780201533934 。不幸的是，这些书的样式和C ++功能已经有些过时了，但是，这在当时是不可思议的巡回演出(1994，STL之前)。关于动力学继承的章节有些复杂，难以理解，并且没有什么用处。这本经典书籍的更新版本非常不错，其中包括移动语义和从STL中吸取的教训。
C++ Primer * (Stanley Lippman, Josée Lajoie, and Barbara E. Moo) (updated for C++11) Coming at 1k pages, this is a very thorough introduction into C++ that covers just about everything in the language in a very accessible format and in great detail. The fifth edition (released August 16, 2012) covers C++11. [Review]
Programming: Principles and Practice Using C++ (Bjarne Stroustrup, 2nd Edition - May 25, 2014) (updated for C++11/C++14) An introduction to programming using C++ by the creator of the language. A good read, that assumes no previous programming experience, but is not only for beginners.
A Tour of C++ (Bjarne Stroustrup) (2nd edition for C++17) The “tour” is a quick (about 180 pages and 14 chapters) tutorial overview of all of standard C++ (language and standard library, and using C++11) at a moderately high level for people who already know C++ or at least are experienced programmers. This book is an extended version of the material that constitutes Chapters 2-5 of The C++ Programming Language, 4th edition.
Accelerated C++ (Andrew Koenig and Barbara Moo, 1st Edition - August 24, 2000) This basically covers the same ground as the C++ Primer, but does so on a fourth of its space. This is largely because it does not attempt to be an introduction to programming, but an introduction to C++ for people who've previously programmed in some other language. It has a steeper learning curve, but, for those who can cope with this, it is a very compact introduction to the language. (Historically, it broke new ground by being the first beginner's book to use a modern approach to teaching the language.) Despite this, the C++ it teaches is purely C++98. [Review]
Effective C++ (Scott Meyers, 3rd Edition - May 22, 2005) This was written with the aim of being the best second book C++ programmers should read, and it succeeded. Earlier editions were aimed at programmers coming from C, the third edition changes this and targets programmers coming from languages like Java. It presents ~50 easy-to-remember rules of thumb along with their rationale in a very accessible (and enjoyable) style. For C++11 and C++14 the examples and a few issues are outdated and Effective Modern C++ should be preferred. [Review]
Effective Modern C++ (Scott Meyers) This is basically the new version of Effective C++, aimed at C++ programmers making the transition from C++03 to C++11 and C++14.
More Effective C++ (Scott Meyers) Even more rules of thumb than Effective C++. Not as important as the ones in the first book, but still good to know.
Exceptional C++ (Herb Sutter) Presented as a set of puzzles, this has one of the best and thorough discussions of the proper resource management and exception safety in C++ through Resource Acquisition is Initialization (RAII) in addition to in-depth coverage of a variety of other topics including the pimpl idiom, name lookup, good class design, and the C++ memory model. [Review]
More Exceptional C++ (Herb Sutter) Covers additional exception safety topics not covered in Exceptional C++, in addition to discussion of effective object-oriented programming in C++ and correct use of the STL. [Review]
Exceptional C++ Style (Herb Sutter) Discusses generic programming, optimization, and resource management; this book also has an excellent exposition of how to write modular code in C++ by using non-member functions and the single responsibility principle. [Review]
C++ Coding Standards (Herb Sutter and Andrei Alexandrescu) “Coding standards” here doesn't mean “how many spaces should I indent my code?” This book contains 101 best practices, idioms, and common pitfalls that can help you to write correct, understandable, and efficient C++ code. [Review]
C++ Templates: The Complete Guide (David Vandevoorde and Nicolai M. Josuttis) This is the book about templates as they existed before C++11. It covers everything from the very basics to some of the most advanced template metaprogramming and explains every detail of how templates work (both conceptually and at how they are implemented) and discusses many common pitfalls. Has excellent summaries of the One Definition Rule (ODR) and overload resolution in the appendices. A second edition covering C++11, C++14 and C++17 has been already published. [Review]
C++ 17 - The Complete Guide (Nicolai M. Josuttis) This book describes all the new features introduced in the C++17 Standard covering everything from the simple ones like 'Inline Variables', 'constexpr if' all the way up to 'Polymorphic Memory Resources' and 'New and Delete with overaligned Data'.
C++ in Action (Bartosz Milewski). This book explains C++ and its features by building an application from ground up
Modern C++ Design (Andrei Alexandrescu) A groundbreaking book on advanced generic programming techniques. Introduces policy-based design, type lists, and fundamental generic programming idioms then explains how many useful design patterns (including small object allocators, functors, factories, visitors, and multi-methods) can be implemented efficiently, modularly, and cleanly using generic programming. [Review]
C++ Template Metaprogramming (David Abrahams and Aleksey Gurtovoy)
C++ Concurrency In Action (Anthony Williams) A book covering C++11 concurrency support including the thread library, the atomics library, the C++ memory model, locks and mutexes, as well as issues of designing and debugging multithreaded applications. A second edition covering C++14 and C++17 has been already published.
Advanced C++ Metaprogramming (Davide Di Gennaro) A pre-C++11 manual of TMP techniques, focused more on practice than theory. There are a ton of snippets in this book, some of which are made obsolete by type traits, but the techniques, are nonetheless useful to know. If you can put up with the quirky formatting/editing, it is easier to read than Alexandrescu, and arguably, more rewarding. For more experienced developers, there is a good chance that you may pick up something about a dark corner of C++ (a quirk) that usually only comes about through extensive experience.
The C++ Programming Language (Bjarne Stroustrup) (updated for C++11) The classic introduction to C++ by its creator. Written to parallel the classic K&R, this indeed reads very much like it and covers just about everything from the core language to the standard library, to programming paradigms to the language's philosophy. [Review] Note: All releases of the C++ standard are tracked in this question: Where do I find the current C++ standard.
C++ Standard Library Tutorial and Reference (Nicolai Josuttis) (updated for C++11) The introduction and reference for the C++ Standard Library. The second edition (released on April 9, 2012) covers C++11. [Review]
The C++ IO Streams and Locales (Angelika Langer and Klaus Kreft) There's very little to say about this book except that, if you want to know anything about streams and locales, then this is the one place to find definitive answers. [Review]
The C++11/14/17 Standard (INCITS/ISO/IEC 14882:2011/2014/2017) This, of course, is the final arbiter of all that is or isn't C++. Be aware, however, that it is intended purely as a reference for experienced users willing to devote considerable time and effort to its understanding. The C++17 standard is released in electronic form for 198 Swiss Francs.
The C++17 standard is available, but seemingly not in an economical form – directly from the ISO it costs 198 Swiss Francs (about $200 US). For most people, the final draft before standardization is more than adequate (and free). Many will prefer an even newer draft, documenting new features that are likely to be included in C++20.
Overview of the New C++ (C++11/14) (PDF only) (Scott Meyers) (updated for C++14) These are the presentation materials (slides and some lecture notes) of a three-day training course offered by Scott Meyers, who's a highly respected author on C++. Even though the list of items is short, the quality is high.
The C++ Core Guidelines (C++11/14/17/…) (edited by Bjarne Stroustrup and Herb Sutter) is an evolving online document consisting of a set of guidelines for using modern C++ well. The guidelines are focused on relatively higher-level issues, such as interfaces, resource management, memory management and concurrency affecting application architecture and library design. The project was announced at CppCon'15 by Bjarne Stroustrup and others and welcomes contributions from the community. Most guidelines are supplemented with a rationale and examples as well as discussions of possible tool support. Many rules are designed specifically to be automatically checkable by static analysis tools.
The C++ Super-FAQ (Marshall Cline, Bjarne Stroustrup and others) is an effort by the Standard C++ Foundation to unify the C++ FAQs previously maintained individually by Marshall Cline and Bjarne Stroustrup and also incorporating new contributions. The items mostly address issues at an intermediate level and are often written with a humorous tone. Not all items might be fully up to date with the latest edition of the C++ standard yet.
cppreference.com (C++03/11/14/17/…) (initiated by Nate Kohl) is a wiki that summarizes the basic core-language features and has extensive documentation of the C++ standard library. The documentation is very precise but is easier to read than the official standard document and provides better navigation due to its wiki nature. The project documents all versions of the C++ standard and the site allows filtering the display for a specific version. The project was presented by Nate Kohl at CppCon'14.
Note: Some information contained within these books may not be up-to-date or no longer considered best practice.
The Design and Evolution of C++ (Bjarne Stroustrup) If you want to know why the language is the way it is, this book is where you find answers. This covers everything before the standardization of C++.
Advanced C++ Programming Styles and Idioms (James Coplien) A predecessor of the pattern movement, it describes many C++-specific “idioms”. It's certainly a very good book and might still be worth a read if you can spare the time, but quite old and not up-to-date with current C++.
Large Scale C++ Software Design (John Lakos) Lakos explains techniques to manage very big C++ software projects. Certainly, a good read, if it only was up to date. It was written long before C++ 98 and misses on many features (e.g. namespaces) important for large-scale projects. If you need to work in a big C++ software project, you might want to read it, although you need to take more than a grain of salt with it. The first volume of a new edition is released in 2019.
Inside the C++ Object Model (Stanley Lippman) If you want to know how virtual member functions are commonly implemented and how base objects are commonly laid out in memory in a multi-inheritance scenario, and how all this affects performance, this is where you will find thorough discussions of such topics.
The Annotated C++ Reference Manual (Bjarne Stroustrup, Margaret A. Ellis) This book is quite outdated in the fact that it explores the 1989 C++ 2.0 version - Templates, exceptions, namespaces and new casts were not yet introduced. Saying that however, this book goes through the entire C++ standard of the time explaining the rationale, the possible implementations, and features of the language. This is not a book to learn programming principles and patterns on C++, but to understand every aspect of the C++ language.
Thinking in C++ (Bruce Eckel, 2nd Edition, 2000). Two volumes; is a tutorial style free set of intro level books. Downloads: vol 1, vol 2. Unfortunately they’re marred by a number of trivial errors (e.g. maintaining that temporaries are automatically
const), with no official errata list. A partial 3rd party errata list is available at (http://www.computersciencelab.com/Eckel.htm), but it’s apparently not maintained.
Scientific and Engineering C++: An Introduction to Advanced Techniques and Examples (John Barton and Lee Nackman) It is a comprehensive and very detailed book that tried to explain and make use of all the features available in C++, in the context of numerical methods. It introduced at the time several new techniques, such as the Curiously Recurring Template Pattern (CRTP, also called Barton-Nackman trick). It pioneered several techniques such as dimensional analysis and automatic differentiation. It came with a lot of compilable and useful code, ranging from an expression parser to a Lapack wrapper. The code is still available here: http://www.informit.com/store/scientific-and-engineering-c-plus-plus-an-introduction-9780201533934. Unfortunately, the books have become somewhat outdated in the style and C++ features, however, it was an incredible tour-de-force at the time (1994, pre-STL). The chapters on dynamics inheritance are a bit complicated to understand and not very useful. An updated version of this classic book that includes move semantics and the lessons learned from the STL would be very nice.